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%0 Journal Article
%4 sid.inpe.br/mtc-m21d/2021/10.25.14.37
%2 sid.inpe.br/mtc-m21d/2021/10.25.14.37.01
%@issn 1220-5168;
%@issn 2285-3758
%T First approximation for spacecraft motion relative to (99942) Apophis
%D 2021
%9 journal article
%A Aljbaae, Safwan,
%A Merguizo Sanchez, Diogo,
%A Prado, Antonio Fernando Bertachini de Almeida,
%A Souchay, Jean,
%A Terra, Maisa O.,
%A Negri, Rodolfo Batista,
%A Marchi, Luis Otávio,
%@affiliation Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
%@affiliation Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
%@affiliation Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
%@affiliation Universitè Paris
%@affiliation Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica (ITA)
%@affiliation Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
%@affiliation Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
%@electronicmailaddress safwan.aljbaae@gmail.com
%@electronicmailaddress sanchezfisica@gmail.com
%@electronicmailaddress antonio.prado@inpe.br
%@electronicmailaddress
%@electronicmailaddress
%@electronicmailaddress rodolfobnegri@yahoo.com.br
%@electronicmailaddress marchi.luis@yahoo.com.br
%B Romanian Astronomical Journal
%V 31
%N 3
%P 241-263
%K Celestial MechanicsDynamical astronomyMinor planetsasteroids: individual (Apophis).
%X We aim at providing a preliminary approach on the dynamics of a spacecraft in orbit about the asteroid (99942) Apophis during its Earth close approach. The physical properties from the polyhedral shape of the target are derived by assigning each tetrahedron to a point mass in its center. That considerably reduces the computation processing time compared to previous methods to evaluate the gravitational potential. The surfaces of section close to Apophis are build considering or not the gravitational perturbations of the Sun, the planets, and the SRP. The Earth is the one that most affects the investigated region making the vast majority of the orbits collide or escape from the system. Moreover, from numerical analysis of orbits started on March 1, 2029, the less perturbed region is characterized by the variation of the semimajor axis of 40-day orbits, which do not exceed 2 km very close to the central body (a < 4 km, e < 0.4). However, no regions investigated could be a possible option for inserting a spacecraft into natural orbits around Apophis during the close approach with our planet. Finally, to solve the stabilization problem in the system, we apply a robust path following control law to control the orbital geometry of a spacecraft. At last, we present an example of a successful operation of our orbit control with a total Delta v of 0.495 m/s for 60 days. All our results are gathered in the CPM-ASTEROID database, which will be regularly updated by considering other asteroids.
%@language en
%3 FIRSTAPPROXIMATIONFORSPACECRAFTMOTIONRELATIVETO99942APOPHIS.pdf


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